Main points from the history
When they had died out by the sword in 1306, the Czech throne went by way of dynastic wedding to the Luxembourg, and the Czech Kingdom became also the center of the Holy roman Empire mainly during the reign of Charles IV and his son Wenceslas IV. Prague grew into one of the largest European metropolises of that era and was center of education, architecure and arts. In 1348 Charles University was founded. It´s the oldest one in the Europe.
The first part of the 15th century is marked by the Hussite Movement.
After the reign of King Jiří z Poděbrad and after period of the rule of Jagielonian dynasty there came the period of the Hapsburgs dynasty. One of interesting emperors of this age was Rudolf II. He was famous for his interesting in chemistry and arts. During his rule Prague became center of arts in the empire.
The 20th century brought establishing of Czech state and two horrible world wars. After second world war Czech republic was under soviet influence. Turn came in 1989, after velvet revolution. In 1993 Czechoslovakia was divided into two states – Czech Republic and Slovakia. Now Czech republic is waiting for becoming a member of European Union.
There are also many places associated with our history. Among the most beautiful historic towns belong Prague, Kutná Hora, Tábor, Telč, Olomouc, Kroměříž,… Also many castles, ruins and chateaux can be found in our republic. To the most interesting ones belong Karlštejn, Křivoklát, Bezděz, Hluboká, Zvíkov, Loket, Kuks, Lednice and of course the Prague castle.