Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic, the seat of the President, Government and Parliament and the political, cultural and economic centre of the country. It spreads out on both banks of the river Vltava in the centre of Bohemia. It covers area about 500 km2 and it has 1.2 million inhabitants.
A legend connects the foundation of Prague with Princess Libuše.
In the 9th century Prince Bořivoj founded a castle above Vltava and it became the seat of the Princess. In next centuries Prague became the centre of the country.
Charles IV. (from Luxembourg dynasty) established an archbishop, founded Charles University and New Town and promoted the construction of Charles Bridge and St. Vitus Cathedral.
In the 15th century Prague became the centre of the Hussite movement. In 1420 Jan Žižka defeated crusaders on Vítkov hill.