New York – Transport
Ferries had been the main method of transportation to and from Manhattan until the bridges were built at the end of 19th century. Besides, there are four underwater tunnels.
It was not until 1883 that the first bridge, the Brooklyn Bridge, was constructed to join Manhat-tan and Brooklyn. Then in the first decade of the 20th century, three other bridges were built over the East River.
The George Washington Bridge (from 1931) is the city’s only bridge over the Hudson River – it is a suspension bridge with span over 1000 metres. The Verrazano Bridge (1964 – almost 1,300 m) is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world and it spans the strait between Brooklyn and Staten Island.
New York’s harbor has become the second busiest harbor in the world (after Rotterdam).
New York City has three main airports: John F. Kennedy International Airport (south-east of Manhattan), Newark [nju:wə:k] International Airport (south-west of Manhattan) and La Guardia [lə ˡgwa:diə] Airport (east of Manhattan).
The transport connection to the center of New York is also provided by trains and buses. The New York subway system includes over 1,100 kilometres of track and is the largest urban transportation system in the world. In addition, there are 12,000 licensed yellow taxis in New York which are called cabs.