Francis Scott Fitzgerald
he loved the wild life of the rich youth and at the same time, rebelled against the American dream of success. His short stories were highly fashionable and made him lots of money (Tales of the Jazz Age, All the Sad Young Man, etc.). During the economic depression of the 30’s his success came to a sudden end together with the Jazz Age.
In this time appeared the first works of a new wave of critical realism represented by Sinclair Lewis, Sherwood Anderson, John Dos Passos and the naturalist Eugene O’Neill.
was a successful novelist with liberal ideas. He was one of the best analysts of the middle calss in the US. His novels – Main Street, Babbitt, Arrowsmith, etc. He was the first american to receive the Nobel Prize for literature.
John Dos Passos
belonged also to the Lost generation and sympathizet with left wing movement in 30’s. In his trilogy U.S.A. (The 42nd paralell, 1919, The Big Money) he used the style of the ‚camera eye‘ to put together isolated persons and events.
was sailor, then actor and the greatest american dramatist. He is the only American dramatist to be awared the Nobel Prize. His dramas – Agatha Christie, Desire under the Elms, Mouring becomes Electra, etc.
The 30’s were most progressive in prose as a result of the Black Friday and the rise of Fascism in Europe. The new critisism in the social field represented by John Steinbeck, the struggle against Fascism by Ernest Hemingway, and the deeply felt radical problem of the U.S.A. by William Faulkner.