USA – population
The population of the USA is about 250 million people. The density is about 26 people per 1 sq. km. In New York there is a density 9185 people per 1 sq km. But single areas are inhabited unevenly. The highest concentration is on the Atlantic Shore. From Boston, New York, Philadelphia to Washington. Another densely populated area is the region from Chicago to Pittsburgh.
Migration is of extraordinary importance in the American history because the original inhabitants – Indians – make only 1% of the population. There are over 100 major ethnic groups in the USA. America is sometimes called the „melting pot.“ The heart of the Americans consists of descendants of the British, the Irish or the Scottish. A number of the immigrants came from Germany or the Scandinavian countries. During the economic crisis of the 30´s the immigration stopped. But the increase continued after the World War II.
The most numerous minority in the USA are the black people. They came as African slaves taken to North America in the 17th and 18th century. The original inhabitants are the Indians. Today they live mostly in their reservations. The largest one is called Navaho on the boundary- lines of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. In the 17th and 18th century they were pushed west by white people. In the last century they were almost massacred. Now they have an organisation – The National Congress of American Indians. In Alaska there live the Eskimos – Inuits.
In the USA there live tens of millions of Americans of Mexican origin. Mostly in the south-west corner. They came from Mexico to find jobs in the States, to earn money. But we can find lots of Puerto Ricans, Cubans or Japanese here.
The official language in the USA is English. It has got a wide range of differences from British English. Especially in the South. The second most-used language in the USA is Spanish in the south-west. Also, in specific areas of the state of Louisiana, we can hear French. And the Indians have got their original tongues.