English history until 1603- the Celts, the Romans
They came in the 8th century and they overran the other tribes. They came from Germany and the Netherlands. They were aggressive and they were all the time fighting. They arrived in three waves. The first wave were the Geals (arrived between 800 BC and 700 BC). The second were the Britons (arrived between 600 BC and 500 BC). The third were the Belgae who came in 100 BC. They came with iron weapons and tools, therefore that age is called the Iron Age.
They first invaded England in 55 BC with Gaius Julius Caesar as their leader, but they were not successful. In 10 AD the Celtic ruler Cunobelinus conquered all the tribes in England and made Colchester his seat. He was on very good terms with the Romans. After his death the Roman Emperor called Claudius invaded England for the second time in 43 AD. He was successful and he conquered it. The Romans ruled England for two centuries. They left us three important things. They established cities, roads and introduced Christianity (in 597 by St. Augustine). The cities built by them usually end with the ending „-chester“ or „-easter“. During the reign of the Romans the Hadrian wall was built. The Emperor Hadrian built this wall to protect the country (123 AD).
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