Canada- Indians and Eskimos
In Canada there live about 300 000 Indians. A majority of them (180 000) live in special reservations. There are about 2200 of these reservations and their surface is about 2,5 million hectares. The Indians spoke about 50 languages, but they can be divided into 10 groups. Until the Second World War, their population was dying out, but after the war their population stabilised on the current number. Indians in Canada have almost the same problems as the Romany minority in the Czech Republic. They have problems to get work, because they are less qualified than “normal” people are, government is trying to include them in normal society, but it is a long and difficult process.
The number of Eskimos and Inuits, which are similar to Eskimos, is much smaller than number of Indians. They are only 19 000 and it is 0,1% of Canada’s population. Most of them live in the northern part of Labrador and on the Arctic Isles. Today’s Eskimos do not use dog teams, but they rather use motorised sledges. They live mostly from hunting and they earn some money on making of souvenirs. Eskimos are in the same social situation as Indians. Both these nations are represented in the state by the Minister for “Indian and Northern Affairs”.