It’s an official name is the Commonwealth of Australia. At the end of the 19th century, the people desired the federation that resulted in the formation of a new BRITISH DOMINION known as the COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA in 1901, which belongs to the BRITISH COMMONWEALTH of nations.
It is a federal state with a Governor General at its head, who is a deputy to the British Queen. But the actual head of the executive power is the Australian Prime Minister.
Australia is an insular continent. It lies south-east from Asia. It covers an area of about 7 700 000 sq. kilometres. Its population is only of 18 million inhabitants. Australia is as large as the USA. But large territories are difficult to live in; there is little rain and some areas are completely dry. A majority of people lives on the south-east coast.
Canberra is the capital with a population of 300 000 inhabitants. Other important cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth.
The whole territory of Australia is divided into five states and two continental and some insular territories.
The States are: Queensland (position: north-east, capital: Brisbane), New South Wales (south-east, Sydney), Victoria (south-east, Melbourne), Western Australia (west, Perth), South Australia (south, Adelaide), and insular state Tasmania (south of Victoria, Hobart).
The continental territories are: Northern Territory (northern and central Australia, Darwin), Canberra (= Australian capital territory in South New Wales).
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