• Minor injuries occur quite often and they don’t need special treatment. If we cut our hand on a knife, get a blister, scrape our knee, burn our hand on an iron or just pinch our finger, we should cleanse the wound in order to avoid blood poisoning and then apply a band aid or a bandage. Children often get a bruise or a bump and there’s no need to treat it at all. But if we have a nasty burn or are badly scalded, it’s better to see a doctor. You should also be careful if you run a splitter into your finger. If it’s inflamed, it may cause blood poisoning.
• More serious injuries often concern our limbs. Usually during sport activity, we can sprain or twist an ankle. It’s very painful and it swells. We should bandage it and if it doesn’t improve, we should go to the hospital where it may be X-rayed.
• Very serious are various fractures. If you fracture your leg, you must call an ambulance to take you to the hospital. Your leg will probably be fixed into a plaster cast or splints and you will have to walk on crutches several weeks. After the plaster cast is removed, you may undergo remedial exercises or even go to a health resort to cure the aftereffects.
• If you dislocate your arm, you should go to the hospital, too. They’ll put your arm in a sling.
• We can also stretch a tendon or even tear a muscle.
• People may even die of their injuries. A dangerous activity is for example swimming. A person may die of drowning. If a person faints and is unconscious, we should give him first aid, such as artificial breathing.
For case we got injured, we should have fully equipped medicine chest at home and also in our car. It should include a bottle of disinfection, bandages, band aid, and elastic bandage, medicinal charcoal, laxative, aspirin, cotton wool and also some other things.