English history from 1603 – the civil war
1. The civil war
After Elizabeth, the Stuart’s came to the English throne. Charles I. was one of the Stuart’s. He ignored the Parliament and prevented it for meeting for eleven years until he needed its help to rise the tax for the war against Scotland. When the Parliament opposed him, he wanted to arrest the main leaders and therefore the relation between the Parliament and Charles I. became so bad, that the civil war started in 1642. The majority of the Gentry supported the Parliament in this war. After Oliver Cromwell won in 1645, Charles I. was executed and Cromwell became Lord Protector. England became a republic.
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